Several scholars have studied the value of news. Some of these scholars have used their own experiences to conceptualize news values, and others have studied social and organisational factors.
The value of news is defined by several factors, such as time and place of origin. These factors influence journalists’ decisions about which stories to cover. In addition, the effectiveness of a news story is often influenced by the media outlet that produces it.
One of the most common news values is good news. The best news stories are the ones that readers find most interesting. Stories that involve celebrities, film stars, and athletes are deemed to be more interesting than stories about less well known personalities.
On the negative side, bad news stories can also have a significant impact on readers. Stories with more severe loss of life are deemed to have greater significance.
Another news value is surprise. A news story with a surprise element is considered to be more interesting. In addition to the element of surprise, the news story should also include some unusualness.
Another news value is exclusivity. News organisations often try to draw attention to their exclusive stories.
Another news value is the importance of proximity. Nearness is important to readers because it provides them with a sense of proximity. People take an interest in stories that involve confrontation among various groups.
News can be classified into two broad categories: news stories and entertainment stories. Entertainment stories include stories about show business, animals, and sex.