Automobiles (or cars) are one of the most popular modes of transportation. They offer convenience, safety and comfort; however, they are not without their drawbacks as well.
The automobile is made up of thousands of parts arranged into semi-independent systems each with a specific function. These include engines, transmissions, braking and steering systems, and air conditioning.
The primary benefit of owning a car is that you can travel anywhere at your leisure. Moreover, you can control the temperature, listen to music, etc.
The speed of an automobile depends on the size and weight of its engine, the distribution of the vehicle’s weight between the front and rear wheels, the design of the suspension, and other factors. A front-wheel-driven, front-engined automobile will require less engine space and be more fuel efficient than a rear-wheel-driven, rear-engined automobile.
The stability of an automobile also depends on the design of its systems. For example, independent suspension for all four wheels improves the handling and safety of the vehicle, but it also requires more complex designs for the engine, the transmission, and other components.
The cost of an automobile is a major consideration in the design of its systems and features. For example, a more efficient engine can make the car too expensive to produce or too expensive for a wide range of people to buy. Similarly, the inclusion of various safety features can increase the cost of an automobile.